What are the major characteristics of philosophy
7 characteristics of philosophy: a doctrine that encompasses a great deal of logical and methodological studies that seek to answer questions of interest to human beings such as existence, truth or knowledge.
A great deal of humanist and scientific knowledge has emerged from philosophy, which has been of vital importance for the development of humanity and for providing answers to an infinite number of existentialist questions and doubts, among others.
The main characteristics of the philosophy are presented below.
UniversalityPhilosophy encompasses a large number of branches of knowledge in order to build a general and common idea of the truth of the universe that can be understood by all people.
For this reason, philosophy makes use of various areas of study in order to complement this concept in a reasonable way so that it can promote its subsequent criticism. For this reason, mysticisms or superstitions are not taken into account.
Critical knowledgeBased on reasoning, people move away from ignorance and approach knowledge and the search for truth, which must be verified with the application of various methods to prevent absolute truths from being asserted.
In other words, questions are asked and problems are raised. In this sense, philosophy invites the exercise of thought and reasoning in order to rethink the knowledge that one has and to question those that lack a solid base of veracity.
Therefore, philosophy always starts from the criticism and analysis of knowledge so that human beings can understand the world where they live and everything around them, since knowledge frees people from ignorance.
CertaintyPhilosophy is not satisfied with a simple answer, that is why it emphasizes the search for the most logical and true answers about the universe, existence and everything that surrounds us, even in those areas whose bases are more abstract, such as metaphysics.
The answers must usually be forceful and lead to a deep reasoning of the knowledge one possesses.
SystematicnessPhilosophy is a doctrine in which ideas and truths are organized on the basis of a model, principle or truth, so that a series of ideas about a particular subject are presented in a coherent and united way.
MethodologyIn philosophy, it is very important to define the methodology to be used when making a logical reasoning or an empirical activity about a particular subject.
This means that philosophy is concerned both with knowing the nature of things and existence, and with the method to be applied in order to arrive at the truth of these things.
World viewThe philosophical doctrine has a rather particular perception of the world because it is interested in reaching the principle and truth of things, of existence and of everything that surrounds us, that is, the totality of the universe.
However, to reach this knowledge, man must make a series of logical reasonings that make it possible to analyze, question, interpret, argue or experience certain situations to ensure the veracity of the information.
TransversalityThe philosophy covers various areas of study that are part of the basis of human knowledge and behavior. Hence, the branches of philosophy are both humanistic and scientific.
Among the branches of philosophy that can be mentioned are metaphysics, gnoseology, logic, ethics, politics, art, aesthetics, language, religion, among others.
The philosophy is based on a critical vision through which it seeks solid and rational arguments that respond to an endless number of unknowns related to the life and development of the human being. For this reason, the philosophy comprises different areas of study and research.