What is bureaucracy?

What is bureaucracy?


The term bureaucracy comes from the French bureaucratie, whose root is bureau (writing desk). The concept makes it possible to refer to the organization, which is regulated by rules that seek a rational order in the management and distribution of its affairs.

American bureaucracy seals.

What is bureaucracy and its functions?


Bureaucracy is also the set of civil servants. Bureaucrats, in this context, have a negative connotation: bureaucracy means inefficient administration resulting from all the paperwork and formalities, and the excessive influence of officials in public affairs.

Despite this negative perception of the term, sociology and administrative sciences define bureaucracy as the structure that is characterized by regularized and explicit procedures. Bureaucracy implies hierarchical and impersonal relationships, specialization of work and division of responsibilities.

In theoretical terms, bureaucracy allows rules issued by the authorities to be carried out accurately and in accordance with previously stipulated procedures. In this way, human error is reduced and the action process is transparent.

The negative view of bureaucracy is due to the rigidity of these same processes, which can make any type of procedure excessively slow. On the other hand, bureaucracies often do not take into consideration changes and adaptations that may require new solutions to unprecedented problems.

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