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25 interesting (and frightening) cancer-related facts

What is Cancer?

Illustration of cancer development and spread in the human body.

Cancer is the name given to a set of more than 100 diseases that have in common the disorderly growth of cells that invade tissues and organs, and can spread to other regions of the body. Healthy cells multiply when needed and die when the body no longer needs them. The cancer occurs when the increase in body cells is out of control, and they divide very fast. It can also occur when the cell "forgets" to die.

Facts about Cancer

1. There are more than 100 types of cancer, and any part of the body can be affected;

2. More than 30% of cancers could be prevented if people followed healthy diets, practiced some type of physical activity and avoided alcohol consumption and smoking;

3. A single cigarette contains more than 4,800 chemical compounds - 69 of which are carcinogenic;

4. Not one, but three "Marlboro Men" died of lung cancer: Wayne McLaren, David McLean and Dick Hammer;

5. More than 20 thousand people die of cancer every day in the world;

6. This means that cancer causes more deaths annually than tuberculosis, malaria and AIDS combined;

7. On the other hand, there are 28 million cancer survivors in the world;

8. The mortality rate of cancer patients dropped from 215 deaths per 100 thousand people in 1991 to 172 deaths (in every 100 thousand) in 2010;

9. Simple physical activities such as walking can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer by 25%;

10. There is a compound in marijuana that prevents cancer from spreading through the body by forcing cancer cells to "freeze";

11. And studies have shown that red wine can kill cancer cells;

12. Recent research has concluded that multivitamins can increase the risk of heart disease and cancer;

13. Research has shown that taller women are more likely to develop cancer;

14. Having glucose levels dangerously above normal can increase the risk of developing cancer by 15%;

15. Breast cancer kills 450 men - yes, men - annually in the USA;

16. There are dogs trained to "smell" cancer - and they can detect prostate cancer with 98% accuracy;

17. And speaking of prostate cancer, men are 35% more likely to be diagnosed with this disease than women to be diagnosed with breast cancer;

18. Plants can also develop cancers;

19. Air pollution, in addition to causing lung cancer, is associated with an increased risk of developing bladder cancer;

20. Most cancers - between 90% and 95% of cases - are caused by environmental factors. Only 5% to 10% of them are the result of genetic factors;

21. Alcohol consumption is responsible for 3.5% of all cancer deaths that occur in the world annually;

22. It is estimated that 10% of invasive cancers are related to radiation exposure;

23. Men who drink six or more cups of coffee a day have their chances of developing prostate cancer reduced by 20%;

24. But they must be careful not to drink the coffee too hot - since the consumption of very hot drinks can increase the risk of cancer;

25. Injecting gold into the body can help fight some types of cancer.