Will Artificial Intelligence and Automation reduce or increase jobs?
|Will AI take away jobs?|
Contrary to popular belief, artificial intelligence will not deprive people of their jobs, but will create new jobs. However, these will be new professions that have not existed beforePeople are afraid of robots and are seriously afraid of artificial intelligence (AI). Partly this is the fault of mass culture, which pedals the theme of "machine revolt", images of malicious androids and indifferent to the experiences of the omnipresent AI.
However, progress can't be stopped: Research predicts a 40% increase in productivity and business profitability through the implementation of AI solutions in companies' practices.
There are a number of routine work tasks that, with the development of machines, will be fully handed over to them, which will cause the disappearance of a number of professions.
On the other hand, as AI solutions evolve, the window of opportunity for people to develop professionally in this field will grow proportionally. And we are talking here about professions that did not exist before.
The technological revolution will require "technologists" to reconsider the value of the knowledge received in the university, which seemed excessive and unnecessary. It is not a secret that the volume of information within the framework of classical courses in technical schools significantly exceeds the practical needs of the vast majority of organizations.
The revolution of the labor market at the expense of AI development is a great chance for such people to join the process of rapid transformation of many aspects of life, and some people will manage to lead this process, at least in its local areas.
AI will allow to reveal the unrealized potential of fundamental education (still, technical or humanitarian) to a much greater extent than it is possible in the existing career scenarios.
For example, to train AI, a huge number of different sizes of photographs or texts need to be made. Almost any person can do such a job, such tasks can be assigned, for example, to students or pensioners.
Chat-bot teachersBack in 2017, Gartner predicted that by 2020, AI will be able to fully automate 1.8 million jobs around the world. At the same time, adaptation of AI-technologies to the practice of companies will help to create 2.3 million new positions for employees. Thus, AI will provide net growth of 500,000 jobs.
How will this happen?Many tasks will require people without in-depth technical knowledge, without specialized computer knowledge and practical skills - those for which the IT industry has not previously had any need.
For example, playwrights and scriptwriters will be able to find application in the training and evolution of chat bots: this is a creative work that requires detailed consideration of many possible ways to develop a dialogue with a person.
Only a creative person with the skill of text work will be able to accompany the "growth" of a chat bot throughout the evolutionary cycle.
The jokes about the humanities shouting in the "Free cash register" fast food will also become less relevant with the development of AI: there are many opportunities in the field of processing natural languages by machines, so that graduates of philfac can start preparing for a new career path today.
Think about how many people dreamed of an interesting creative life in childhood, about a unique new profession, which will give them a lot of emotions and benefit others.
Most of us are not quite able to realize these aspirations. And this is not because people are not able to do more: for various reasons, their potential was not in demand, not revealed.
The AI invasion will make those who once gave up on themselves and accepted the usual course of career and life in general "move".
AI-professions, which aren't there yetHere are just a few of the most obvious new professions of the future that will emerge at the intersection of human and machine participation.
There are already machine learning systems in place that allow chat bots like Siri and Alexa to respond to questions from people with deep understanding, compassion and even humour.
For example, it can be problems associated with the loss of luggage, the purchase of low-quality products or malfunctioning household appliances. However, empathy needs to be taught: a machine cannot generate it on its own.
A specialist in algorithmic interpretation is another promising AI profession. If the system makes a mistake, such a specialist needs to identify the algorithm that led to it and make the necessary adjustments.