Particle X17: Hungarian scientists claim they discovered the fifth force of nature

Particle X17: what is the fifth force that Hungarian scientists claim to have discovered?

Scientists from the Nuclear Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences ( Atomki ) claim to have identified in the X17 particle the fifth force of nature. After years of research, their findings were revealed in a new study released this week.


Scientists claim they discovered the fifth force of nature.
Scientists claim they discovered the fifth force of nature.


The standard current model of particle physics can not explain this Phenomenon.

The discovery came after analyzing the behavior of an excited helium atom and how it emits light as it decays. The team, led by Attila Krasznahorkay, found that the particles in the atom divided far more than expected into 115-degree angles. As an atom decays, the excess energy creates another particle that breaks down into positrons and electrons.

"It is a phenomenon that cannot be explained under the current standard model of particle physics, a relativistic theory that describes the fundamental structure of matter and space, taking into account elementary particles.



Scientists found the fifth force of nature.
Scientists found the fifth force of nature.



How the X17 particle works

The researchers suggest that the X17 particle is capable of "transporting forces acting at tiny distances" and that would be the most reliable proof of the existence of the fifth force of nature.

The article, published on the Arxiv portal of Cornell University, explains that this subatomic particle "would have a mass of about 17 megaelectronvolts." This is 33 times greater than that of an electron.

Hungarian scientists first suggested in 2016 the existence of the X17 particle, when they experimented with the decomposition of a beryllium-8 atom.

The study affirms that this new experiment threw again the "anomaly" observed three years ago, which follows "scenario of decay of the boson X17".

But they also believe that this particle X17 "could be the link between the visible world and dark matter.

For decades the scientific community has recognized the existence of four fundamental interactions that control the Universe: electromagnetism, gravity, weak nuclear force and strong nuclear.

But now a Hungarian study claims to have observed a fifth force of nature, a fact that could revolutionize our understanding of how the world works.

33 times more mass than an electron

According to the Krasznahorkay team, which published its analysis on the Arxiv site of Cornell University, this unknown particle would have a mass of about 17 megaelectronvolts, which is approximately 33 times more than an electron has, and from there it comes its name.

A possible link between the visible world and dark matter

Krasznahorkay's team believes that this new experiment yielded results similar to the "anomaly" observed when beryllium-8 was analyzed, which seems to follow the "decomposition scenario of boson X17," the study reads.

Hungarian scientists also believe that the particle could be the link between the visible world and dark matter.

If the X17 particle really exists and is not a mistake, as some scientists believe, it could help solve this mystery that has persisted for decades.

"Independent experimental" studies on particle X17 are expected to be carried out in the coming years.

Boson X17 analysis

Qualified as a "protophobic boson X", because it  would have "fear of protons", it is believed that this new particle,baptized as X17, is capable of transporting forces acting at tiny distances and would be evidence of the existence of a fifth force of Nature.

The analysis was carried out by scientists from the Nuclear Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Atomki), who studied the behavior of an excited helium atom and how it emits light as it decomposes.

It is said that an atom is in an excited state when one of its electrons, enjoying greater energy, jumps from the orbit it occupied in a fundamental state to an outer orbit, further away from the nucleus.

During the experiment, the team led by Attila Krasznahorkay noted that the particles of the atom were divided into angles of 115 degrees, much more than expected.

It is believed that at the moment the atom decays, the excess energy produced briefly creates a new unknown particle, which quickly decomposes into positrons and electrons.

X17 Atomki research

The findings of the Atomki Institute occur three years after they published a similar experiment conducted with the decomposition of a beryllium-8 atom, during which an anomaly was observed.

According to the law of conservation of energy, as the energy of the light produced by beryllium increases when it releases an electron and a positron, the angle between them should decrease.

But this was not what happened in the 2016 experiment. In fact there was an unexpected increase in the amount of electrons and positrons that moved away from each other at an angle of 140 degrees, much more than expected. An irregularity that would have been caused by the X17 particle.

In addition, the Hungarian researchers argue that the particle can bridge the gap to the visible world from the dark matter.


Post a Comment

0 Comments